Brazil is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world and the largest country in South and Latin America. Each region in Brazil is very different to the other, so visitors should visit all regions to really understand this fascinating country. The north has a mostly indigenous – black influence, with very specific festivities, environment, cuisine and music. It is also home of the Amazon rain forest. The northeast is mostly of black influence and home of the first capital, Porto Seguro. The central-west region is predominantly farmland and rural areas, with long rain seasons. The south-east is home of the largest and most economically powerful cities, such as Sao Paulo and Rio. The south is mostly of German, Italian and Azorian descent, with very typically European customs, music and festivities. It also has a very strong gaucho – pampas culture, with barbecues and mate in almost every household.
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Bahia is one of the 26 states of Brazil. It is located in the northeast region and has the longest coastline of all the states. The coastline line is divided into regions depending on the history of each division. These regions include discovery coast (costa do descobrimento), cocoa coast (costa do cacau) and palm coast (costa do dendê). Some of the most popular cities or towns in Bahia are Salvador, the first capital of Brazil, Morro de São Paulo, in Cairu, Itaparica, an island near Salvador, Itacaré and Ilhéus, capital of the cocoa coast.
The coastal region of Bahia is known for its white sandy beaches, warm climate and friendly people. It is also known for its street carnival and festivities, such as São João, in June and others.